Same Sex Female Couples
Since 2005, the law in Spain grants the same rights and obligations to married couples of both the same and different sexes. A married, same sex female couple can have children and both women are considered the children’s legal mothers. If the couple is not married, only the female who carried out the pregnancy and delivery will be able to register the child under her name. The assisted reproduction treatments available to same sex female couples are the same as those for women with a male partner: Artificial Insemination, In Vitro Fertilisation and Egg Donation. In addition, same sex female couples have the option to choose the ROPA Method which is a type of IVF that allows both women to participate in the reproductive project. Donor sperm will be used in all cases. Donors must pass strict health exams and genetic testing. Selection of the donor is a task that always corresponds to the medical team, who guarantee that the selected donor will be as compatible as possible and will resemble the couple and their families’ physical and immune characteristics as closely as possible. Additionally, sperm donation is completely anonymous: the donor will not be able to know who receives his samples, and the recipients will not be able to know where/who the samples came from.
What is the ROPA method and how does it work?
The ROPA method (Reception of Oocytes from the Partner) is one of the treatments available to same sex female couples who wish to become mothers. It is an In Vitro Fertilisation treatment in which both women take part first hand in the journey towards motherhood.
One partner will undergo the ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval process to obtain the eggs, while the other partner will carry out the pregnancy and give birth to their child. Donor sperm will be used to fertilise the eggs in all cases.